When it comes to making a meal, the easiest parts for me to plan are the protein and the starch. The challenge for me is deciding how to include an appropriate amount of veggies. Sauteing vegetables is a simple, quick solution to incorporate vegetables into your dish that are oh-so flavorful!
This post is part of our Basic Cooking Skills series. Each week we will be doing a deep-dive into one basic cooking skill and a brand new recipe to accompany it to practice that newfound skill. Check back throughout the series for updates and new posts.
What does sauteing mean?
Sauteing is a cooking process in which food is fried in a small amount of fat. Heat a skillet or pan over medium-high heat with a splash of olive oil or butter to coat the bottom. Voila! You’re ready to get started.
This method of heating is conduction (which we learned more about in our elements of cooking post here). Fat aids this process by browning the food
Vegetables are ideal candidates for sauteing as it works best for food that cooks for a short amount of time. The amount of time it takes to saute vegetables varies, but generally about 15 minutes.
What I think is really cool is that the vegetables maintain their nutritional benefits. Whereas boiling or roasting veggies can take upwards of an hour, and boiling can cause the vegetables to lose a good portion of their nutrients.
Sauteing vegetables definitely has its perks: it’s quick, delicious, and has nutritional benefits. But can all vegetables be sauteed?? Keep reading!
materials needed for sauteing vegetables
Best vegetables to Saute?
I have good news for you….practically any vegetables will do!
One of my favorite things about sauteeing is the diverse amount of veggies you can use! I can’t think of one vegetable that can’t be sauteed.
Leaner vegetables are the most suitable for sauteing in short amounts of time. But by slightly adjusting the amount of cook time, there isn’t a veggie out there that can’t be made delicious tossed in a little bit of fat in a hot pan.
best fat to saute vegetables?
Olive oil and butter are the classic fats to use when it comes to sauteeing. Both have pros and cons depending on your individual goals.
Butter can add loads of delicious flavor and may be best if you’re trying a vegetable you’re not very fond of. When I first started eating brussels I preferred cooking them with butter, but now I enjoy them with oils of less intense flavor, such as olive oil.
Olive oil is pretty much the standard for cooks across the world. It’s very all-purpose, inexpensive, and hard to mess up. Olive oil provides complementary flavor without overpowering what you’re cooking. It is also much healthier than butter and is a good source of good fat to add into your diet.
One downside to using butter and olive oil is that they have fairly low smoke points. When using very high heat they may start to smoke and affect the flavor of the vegetables. Oils with high smoke points can be used for very high heat, such as avocado oil or grapeseed oil.
best pan to saute vegetables?
When it comes to sauteing, most pans will work just fine. There are, however, a few qualities that help make this cooking process even easier for you.
An ideal pan to saute vegetables has a wide base, straight sides, and distributes heat evenly.
A wide base and straight sides increase the surface area of the pan. More surface area = more room for veggies!
It’s very common for skillets to have slanted sides, and those will work too. Take note that you may not be able to fill it with quite as many vegetables as you would with a straight-sided pan, but that can easily be adjusted and you can do a few rounds instead.
The distribution of heat evenly is essential to simplify the cooking process. A pan with a heavy bottom works best and will cook similar vegetables at similar speeds. If your pan is thin or warped, part of the pan make cook much slower than others and make it difficult to know when each individual vegetable is fully cooked.
tips for perfectly sauteing vegetables
- This technique works best when the vegetables are chopped into bite-size pieces and are about the same size.
- Sauteing is a dry heat cooking method, so the vegetables should be as dry as possible. The wetter the veggies, the less intense flavor and less crispiness you’ll end up with.
- When heating the pan, you can test how hot it is by a drop of water in the pan. If it sizzles, the pan is hot enough to saute!
- Only a little bit of fat should be added to the pan. You can always add more if you need to, and pour out an excess if too much.
- Start with the more dense vegetables that take longer to cook. Then after a few minutes of cooking begin adding in other vegetables that require less time.
- Try to avoid overcrowding the pan. If the vegetables don’t have enough room in the pan they’ll start steaming each other, which keeps them from crisping up and cooking properly.
- The key to a good saute is not stirring too much. You definitely want to toss the veggies to make sure all sides are cooked but allow the vegetables to rest for a few minutes between stirs.
how to season and serve sauteed vegetables
Vegetables can be sprinkled with seasoning, tossed (but not lost😉 ) in the sauce, and served as a fantastic dinner side!
- Italian: add dried basil, oregano, Parmesan cheese; toss in pesto, tomato sauce, or cheese sauce
- Japanese: add ginger, sesames, black pepper; toss in teriyaki sauce
- Mexican: add cumin, cayenne pepper, oregano; toss in an enchilada sauce or serve on tortillas
- Indian: add coriander, turmeric, or curry powder; toss in a curry sauce
implement your new skill
Now I hope you’ve learned something new about perfectly sauteing vegetables! This Thursday I’ll be sharing a really tasty side dish recipe that will let you put your sauteing skills to test. Be on the lookout!
****UPDATE: Check out Mexican Sauteed Veggies available now!
What are you favorite combinations of veggies to saute? Mine has to be zucchini, mushrooms, and onions (tossed in a little soy sauce…YUM). Share in the comments below!